Luzhiled's Library

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:heavy_check_mark: test/verify/yosupo-convolution-mod-2.test.cpp

Depends on

Code

#define PROBLEM "https://judge.yosupo.jp/problem/convolution_mod"

#include "../../template/template.hpp"

#include "../../math/combinatorics/montgomery-mod-int.hpp"
#include "../../math/fft/number-theoretic-transform-friendly-mod-int.hpp"

const int MOD = 998244353;
using mint = MontgomeryModInt< MOD, true >;

int main() {
  int N, M;
  cin >> N >> M;
  vector< mint > A(N), B(M);
  for(auto &a : A) cin >> a;
  for(auto &b : B) cin >> b;
  NumberTheoreticTransformFriendlyModInt< mint > ntt;
  for(auto &c : ntt.multiply(A, B)) cout << c << " ";
  cout << endl;
}
#line 1 "test/verify/yosupo-convolution-mod-2.test.cpp"
#define PROBLEM "https://judge.yosupo.jp/problem/convolution_mod"

#line 1 "template/template.hpp"
#include<bits/stdc++.h>

using namespace std;

using int64 = long long;
const int mod = 1e9 + 7;

const int64 infll = (1LL << 62) - 1;
const int inf = (1 << 30) - 1;

struct IoSetup {
  IoSetup() {
    cin.tie(nullptr);
    ios::sync_with_stdio(false);
    cout << fixed << setprecision(10);
    cerr << fixed << setprecision(10);
  }
} iosetup;

template< typename T1, typename T2 >
ostream &operator<<(ostream &os, const pair< T1, T2 >& p) {
  os << p.first << " " << p.second;
  return os;
}

template< typename T1, typename T2 >
istream &operator>>(istream &is, pair< T1, T2 > &p) {
  is >> p.first >> p.second;
  return is;
}

template< typename T >
ostream &operator<<(ostream &os, const vector< T > &v) {
  for(int i = 0; i < (int) v.size(); i++) {
    os << v[i] << (i + 1 != v.size() ? " " : "");
  }
  return os;
}

template< typename T >
istream &operator>>(istream &is, vector< T > &v) {
  for(T &in : v) is >> in;
  return is;
}

template< typename T1, typename T2 >
inline bool chmax(T1 &a, T2 b) { return a < b && (a = b, true); }

template< typename T1, typename T2 >
inline bool chmin(T1 &a, T2 b) { return a > b && (a = b, true); }

template< typename T = int64 >
vector< T > make_v(size_t a) {
  return vector< T >(a);
}

template< typename T, typename... Ts >
auto make_v(size_t a, Ts... ts) {
  return vector< decltype(make_v< T >(ts...)) >(a, make_v< T >(ts...));
}

template< typename T, typename V >
typename enable_if< is_class< T >::value == 0 >::type fill_v(T &t, const V &v) {
  t = v;
}

template< typename T, typename V >
typename enable_if< is_class< T >::value != 0 >::type fill_v(T &t, const V &v) {
  for(auto &e : t) fill_v(e, v);
}

template< typename F >
struct FixPoint : F {
  explicit FixPoint(F &&f) : F(forward< F >(f)) {}

  template< typename... Args >
  decltype(auto) operator()(Args &&... args) const {
    return F::operator()(*this, forward< Args >(args)...);
  }
};
 
template< typename F >
inline decltype(auto) MFP(F &&f) {
  return FixPoint< F >{forward< F >(f)};
}
#line 4 "test/verify/yosupo-convolution-mod-2.test.cpp"

#line 1 "math/combinatorics/montgomery-mod-int.hpp"
/**
 * @brief Montgomery ModInt
 */
template< uint32_t mod, bool fast = false >
struct MontgomeryModInt {
  using mint = MontgomeryModInt;
  using i32 = int32_t;
  using i64 = int64_t;
  using u32 = uint32_t;
  using u64 = uint64_t;

  static constexpr u32 get_r() {
    u32 ret = mod;
    for(i32 i = 0; i < 4; i++) ret *= 2 - mod * ret;
    return ret;
  }

  static constexpr u32 r = get_r();
  static constexpr u32 n2 = -u64(mod) % mod;

  static_assert(r * mod == 1, "invalid, r * mod != 1");
  static_assert(mod < (1 << 30), "invalid, mod >= 2 ^ 30");
  static_assert((mod & 1) == 1, "invalid, mod % 2 == 0");

  u32 x;

  MontgomeryModInt() : x{} {}

  MontgomeryModInt(const i64 &a)
      : x(reduce(u64(fast ? a : (a % mod + mod)) * n2)) {}

  static constexpr u32 reduce(const u64 &b) {
    return u32(b >> 32) + mod - u32((u64(u32(b) * r) * mod) >> 32);
  }

  mint &operator+=(const mint &p) {
    if(i32(x += p.x - 2 * mod) < 0) x += 2 * mod;
    return *this;
  }

  mint &operator-=(const mint &p) {
    if(i32(x -= p.x) < 0) x += 2 * mod;
    return *this;
  }

  mint &operator*=(const mint &p) {
    x = reduce(u64(x) * p.x);
    return *this;
  }

  mint &operator/=(const mint &p) {
    *this *= p.inverse();
    return *this;
  }

  mint operator-() const { return mint() - *this; }

  mint operator+(const mint &p) const { return mint(*this) += p; }

  mint operator-(const mint &p) const { return mint(*this) -= p; }

  mint operator*(const mint &p) const { return mint(*this) *= p; }

  mint operator/(const mint &p) const { return mint(*this) /= p; }

  bool operator==(const mint &p) const { return (x >= mod ? x - mod : x) == (p.x >= mod ? p.x - mod : p.x); }

  bool operator!=(const mint &p) const { return (x >= mod ? x - mod : x) != (p.x >= mod ? p.x - mod : p.x); }

  u32 get() const {
    u32 ret = reduce(x);
    return ret >= mod ? ret - mod : ret;
  }

  mint pow(u64 n) const {
    mint ret(1), mul(*this);
    while(n > 0) {
      if(n & 1) ret *= mul;
      mul *= mul;
      n >>= 1;
    }
    return ret;
  }

  mint inverse() const {
    return pow(mod - 2);
  }

  friend ostream &operator<<(ostream &os, const mint &p) {
    return os << p.get();
  }

  friend istream &operator>>(istream &is, mint &a) {
    i64 t;
    is >> t;
    a = mint(t);
    return is;
  }

  static u32 get_mod() { return mod; }
};

using modint = MontgomeryModInt< mod >;
#line 1 "math/fft/number-theoretic-transform-friendly-mod-int.hpp"
/**
 * @brief Number Theoretic Transform Friendly ModInt
 */
template< typename Mint >
struct NumberTheoreticTransformFriendlyModInt {

  static vector< Mint > roots, iroots, rate3, irate3;
  static int max_base;

  NumberTheoreticTransformFriendlyModInt() = default;

  static void init() {
    if(roots.empty()) {
      const unsigned mod = Mint::get_mod();
      assert(mod >= 3 && mod % 2 == 1);
      auto tmp = mod - 1;
      max_base = 0;
      while(tmp % 2 == 0) tmp >>= 1, max_base++;
      Mint root = 2;
      while(root.pow((mod - 1) >> 1) == 1) {
        root += 1;
      }
      assert(root.pow(mod - 1) == 1);

      roots.resize(max_base + 1);
      iroots.resize(max_base + 1);
      rate3.resize(max_base + 1);
      irate3.resize(max_base + 1);

      roots[max_base] = root.pow((mod - 1) >> max_base);
      iroots[max_base] = Mint(1) / roots[max_base];
      for(int i = max_base - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
        roots[i] = roots[i + 1] * roots[i + 1];
        iroots[i] = iroots[i + 1] * iroots[i + 1];
      }
      {
        Mint prod = 1, iprod = 1;
        for(int i = 0; i <= max_base - 3; i++) {
          rate3[i] = roots[i + 3] * prod;
          irate3[i] = iroots[i + 3] * iprod;
          prod *= iroots[i + 3];
          iprod *= roots[i + 3];
        }
      }
    }
  }

  static void ntt(vector< Mint > &a) {
    init();
    const int n = (int) a.size();
    assert((n & (n - 1)) == 0);
    int h = __builtin_ctz(n);
    assert(h <= max_base);
    int len = 0;
    Mint imag = roots[2];
    if(h & 1) {
      int p = 1 << (h - 1);
      Mint rot = 1;
      for(int i = 0; i < p; i++) {
        auto r = a[i + p];
        a[i + p] = a[i] - r;
        a[i] += r;
      }
      len++;
    }
    for(; len + 1 < h; len += 2) {
      int p = 1 << (h - len - 2);
      { // s = 0
        for(int i = 0; i < p; i++) {
          auto a0 = a[i];
          auto a1 = a[i + p];
          auto a2 = a[i + 2 * p];
          auto a3 = a[i + 3 * p];
          auto a1na3imag = (a1 - a3) * imag;
          auto a0a2 = a0 + a2;
          auto a1a3 = a1 + a3;
          auto a0na2 = a0 - a2;
          a[i] = a0a2 + a1a3;
          a[i + 1 * p] = a0a2 - a1a3;
          a[i + 2 * p] = a0na2 + a1na3imag;
          a[i + 3 * p] = a0na2 - a1na3imag;
        }
      }
      Mint rot = rate3[0];
      for(int s = 1; s < (1 << len); s++) {
        int offset = s << (h - len);
        Mint rot2 = rot * rot;
        Mint rot3 = rot2 * rot;
        for(int i = 0; i < p; i++) {
          auto a0 = a[i + offset];
          auto a1 = a[i + offset + p] * rot;
          auto a2 = a[i + offset + 2 * p] * rot2;
          auto a3 = a[i + offset + 3 * p] * rot3;
          auto a1na3imag = (a1 - a3) * imag;
          auto a0a2 = a0 + a2;
          auto a1a3 = a1 + a3;
          auto a0na2 = a0 - a2;
          a[i + offset] = a0a2 + a1a3;
          a[i + offset + 1 * p] = a0a2 - a1a3;
          a[i + offset + 2 * p] = a0na2 + a1na3imag;
          a[i + offset + 3 * p] = a0na2 - a1na3imag;
        }
        rot *= rate3[__builtin_ctz(~s)];
      }
    }
  }

  static void intt(vector< Mint > &a, bool f = true) {
    init();
    const int n = (int) a.size();
    assert((n & (n - 1)) == 0);
    int h = __builtin_ctz(n);
    assert(h <= max_base);
    int len = h;
    Mint iimag = iroots[2];
    for(; len > 1; len -= 2) {
      int p = 1 << (h - len);
      { // s = 0
        for(int i = 0; i < p; i++) {
          auto a0 = a[i];
          auto a1 = a[i + 1 * p];
          auto a2 = a[i + 2 * p];
          auto a3 = a[i + 3 * p];
          auto a2na3iimag = (a2 - a3) * iimag;
          auto a0na1 = a0 - a1;
          auto a0a1 = a0 + a1;
          auto a2a3 = a2 + a3;
          a[i] = a0a1 + a2a3;
          a[i + 1 * p] = (a0na1 + a2na3iimag);
          a[i + 2 * p] = (a0a1 - a2a3);
          a[i + 3 * p] = (a0na1 - a2na3iimag);
        }
      }
      Mint irot = irate3[0];
      for(int s = 1; s < (1 << (len - 2)); s++) {
        int offset = s << (h - len + 2);
        Mint irot2 = irot * irot;
        Mint irot3 = irot2 * irot;
        for(int i = 0; i < p; i++) {
          auto a0 = a[i + offset];
          auto a1 = a[i + offset + 1 * p];
          auto a2 = a[i + offset + 2 * p];
          auto a3 = a[i + offset + 3 * p];
          auto a2na3iimag = (a2 - a3) * iimag;
          auto a0na1 = a0 - a1;
          auto a0a1 = a0 + a1;
          auto a2a3 = a2 + a3;
          a[i + offset] = a0a1 + a2a3;
          a[i + offset + 1 * p] = (a0na1 + a2na3iimag) * irot;
          a[i + offset + 2 * p] = (a0a1 - a2a3) * irot2;
          a[i + offset + 3 * p] = (a0na1 - a2na3iimag) * irot3;
        }
        irot *= irate3[__builtin_ctz(~s)];
      }
    }
    if(len >= 1) {
      int p = 1 << (h - 1);
      for(int i = 0; i < p; i++) {
        auto ajp = a[i] - a[i + p];
        a[i] += a[i + p];
        a[i + p] = ajp;
      }
    }
    if(f) {
      Mint inv_sz = Mint(1) / n;
      for(int i = 0; i < n; i++) a[i] *= inv_sz;
    }
  }

  static vector< Mint > multiply(vector< Mint > a, vector< Mint > b) {
    int need = a.size() + b.size() - 1;
    int nbase = 1;
    while((1 << nbase) < need) nbase++;
    int sz = 1 << nbase;
    a.resize(sz, 0);
    b.resize(sz, 0);
    ntt(a);
    ntt(b);
    Mint inv_sz = Mint(1) / sz;
    for(int i = 0; i < sz; i++) a[i] *= b[i] * inv_sz;
    intt(a, false);
    a.resize(need);
    return a;
  }
};

template< typename Mint >
vector< Mint > NumberTheoreticTransformFriendlyModInt< Mint >::roots = vector< Mint >();
template< typename Mint >
vector< Mint > NumberTheoreticTransformFriendlyModInt< Mint >::iroots = vector< Mint >();
template< typename Mint >
vector< Mint > NumberTheoreticTransformFriendlyModInt< Mint >::rate3 = vector< Mint >();
template< typename Mint >
vector< Mint > NumberTheoreticTransformFriendlyModInt< Mint >::irate3 = vector< Mint >();
template< typename Mint >
int NumberTheoreticTransformFriendlyModInt< Mint >::max_base = 0;
#line 7 "test/verify/yosupo-convolution-mod-2.test.cpp"

const int MOD = 998244353;
using mint = MontgomeryModInt< MOD, true >;

int main() {
  int N, M;
  cin >> N >> M;
  vector< mint > A(N), B(M);
  for(auto &a : A) cin >> a;
  for(auto &b : B) cin >> b;
  NumberTheoreticTransformFriendlyModInt< mint > ntt;
  for(auto &c : ntt.multiply(A, B)) cout << c << " ";
  cout << endl;
}
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